EV - Types of Electric Vehicles

Battery Electric Vehicles, also called BEVs and more frequently called EVs, are fully electric vehicles with rechargeable batteries and no gasoline engine. All energy to run the vehicle comes from the battery pack which is recharged from an electric charging station. BEVs are zero emissions vehicles, as they do not generate any harmful tailpipe emissions or air pollution hazards caused by traditional gasoline-powered vehicles.  BEVs are capable of fast charging where you can fully charge your battery in 20-30 minutes.







Hybrid Electric Vehicles, or HEVs, have both a gas-powered engine and an electric motor to drive the car. All energy for the battery is gained through regenerative braking, which recoups otherwise lost energy in braking to assist the gasoline engine during acceleration. In a traditional internal combustion engine vehicle, this braking energy is normally lost as heat in the brake pads and rotors. Regular hybrids cannot plug into an electric charging station to recharge.







Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles, or PHEVs, have both an engine and electric motor to drive the car. Like regular hybrids, they can recharge their battery through regenerative braking. They differ from regular hybrids by having a much larger battery, and being able to plug into an electric charging station to recharge. While regular hybrids can (at low speed) travel 1-2 miles before the gasoline engine turns on, PHEVs can go anywhere from 10-40 miles before their gas engines provide assistance. Once the all-electric range is depleted, PHEVs act as regular hybrids, and can travel several hundred miles on a tank of gasoline. All PHEVs can charge at an electric charging station, but most PHEVs are not capable of supporting fast charging.





Choosing an electric vehicle is made easier with federal and provincial incentives. Discover how much you can save in your region.

  • Electric vehicles (EVs) are eligible for up to $5,000 in federal incentives^.
  • Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are eligible for up to $2,500^.
  • For more information on Government Incentives, click here.